Debt-to-income ratio formula and example

When it comes to applying for a loan, there are a lot of factors that lenders consider to determine if you are a good candidate for receiving funds. One of the most important factors that lenders will look at is your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio. In this article, we will dive deeper into what DTI ratio is, what is the Debt-to-income ratio formula and why it’s important for loan approval.


First, let’s take a closer look at the formula for DTI ratio.

DTI ratio is calculated by dividing your monthly debts by your gross monthly income. But what counts as “monthly debts”? Monthly debts include things like rent/mortgage payments, car payments, credit card bills, and any other recurring monthly payments.



Lenders typically have a maximum DTI ratio that they’ll allow, which varies depending on the type of loan you’re applying for.

Most mortgages will require a maximum DTI ratio of 43%, while some personal loans may allow a DTI ratio of up to 50%. Knowing the maximum DTI ratio for your type of loan is crucial when determining whether you meet the requirements for that loan.

If your DTI ratio is too high, you may still be able to get approved for a loan, but you may face higher interest rates or other fees. It’s important to get your DTI ratio as low as possible before applying for a loan. So, what are some ways to lower your DTI ratio?


One way to lower your DTI ratio is to increase your income. This could mean taking on a second job, asking for a raise at your current job, or finding ways to earn additional income through freelance work or a side business.

Another way to lower your DTI ratio is to pay off some of your debts. For example, you could focus on paying off your credit card balances, which could significantly lower your monthly debt payments.

If you’re struggling with debt and finding it difficult to lower your DTI ratio, there are resources available to help you. The National Foundation for Credit Counseling is a non-profit organization that offers debt counseling and debt management services. They can help you create a budget, negotiate with creditors, and come up with a plan to pay off your debts. Another good resource is, which provides information on debt consolidation and debt relief options.


Your DTI ratio is an important factor that lenders consider when you apply for a loan. By understanding the Debt-to-income ratio formula you’ll be better prepared to get the loan you are looking for.

Remember to keep your monthly debts as low as possible, and focus on increasing your income. In this way you should meet the requirements for the loan you want to apply for.

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